In this guide, we’ll look at how you can sue for a criminal injury. If you were a victim of a crime that resulted in you being harmed, you could be eligible to claim through the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA).
You may already know that there are some injuries that you can claim for, including ones sustained in road traffic accidents or where your employer’s negligence has led to you being injured. However, you may not realise that you can claim
You can be injured as a result of a criminal attack in a number of different ways. For instance, a criminal attack could cause broken bones, head injuries and damage to teeth. Some injuries, like a broken cheekbone, could cause scarring and disfigurement that could impact your quality of life for years to come.
Alternatively, you might be psychologically injured as a result of an attack. For example, you might suffer Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) as a result of an attack.
How To Sue For A Criminal Injury
Although we’ve tried to cover lots of information, we understand if you have questions after reading. If so, our advisors are available 24/7 to provide you with free legal advice on the claims process.
About Suing For A Criminal Injury
- A Guide On How to Sue For A Criminal Injury
- What Is A Lawsuit For A Criminal Injury?
- What Criminal Injuries Could I Claim Compensation For?
- How Do You Claim Through The CICA?
- What Evidence Do I Need To Sue For A Criminal Injury?
- Do I Need A Medical Assessment Of My Criminal Injuries?
- Work Out How Much You Could Sue For After A Criminal Injury
- How Will The CICA Determine Your Settlement And Make An Offer?
- Do I Need A Solicitor To Claim Via The CICA?
- How To Sue For A Criminal Injury With A No Win No Fee Solicitor
- Ask Our Team About How To Sue For Criminal Injuries
- Get Free Criminal Injury Claims Advice
- FAQs On How To Sue For A Criminal Injury
Have you been the victim of a physical or mental injury as a result of a criminal attack? If so, you may have grounds to claim. Our guide will be taking a detailed look into how to do this.
We’ll be looking at what qualifies as a crime of violence, as well as specific examples of crimes and injuries you may be looking to claim for. Furthermore, without using a criminal injuries compensation calculator, we’ll provide an idea of how much compensation you can claim for specific injuries.
Additionally, we’ll explore how you can make a claim. For example, the different avenues you can proceed with and whether your case qualifies as a direct personal injury claim or a criminal injury claim. Generally, criminal injuries are made through the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA), but can be made against the person who committed the crime directly.
What Is The Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA)?
The CICA is a government-sponsored executive organisation. They deal with claims from people who have been injured because as a result of a violent crime. This injury can be physical or mental. The CICA handle claims from people who reside in England, Scotland, and Wales.
The Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme 2012 sets out guidelines on compensating victims for their injuries. It includes a tariff of injuries that outlines compensation amounts for different injuries.
A criminal injury is one that comes about as a result of a crime of violence. A crime of violence is outlined in Annex B of the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority Scheme.
Below, we’ve included some examples of incidents that could result in criminal injuries:
- A mugging leading to a broken rib
- Domestic violence causing a broken thumb
- Child abuse leading to a broken hip
- Assault leading to a broken nose
Additionally, you could claim even if you weren’t physically affected by the incident. For example, if a crime of violence occurred that caused psychological injury but that didn’t leave you physically injured, you may be able to claim.
If you’ve experienced any of these incidents or some other similar unprovoked attack, we want to help you claim compensation for the criminal injury you’ve endured. For further information on the injuries you could claim, see below.
As we’ve established, there are a few acts that could be classed as violent crimes. These could cause physical injuries such as cuts, bruises, breaks, burns or disabilities, e.g. paralysis or brain damage. They could also lead to psychological injuries such as depression, stress, post-traumatic stress disorder or panic attacks.
The compensation you can claim is based on figures from the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme 2012, which includes a tariff of injuries. This covers the pain and suffering for the injuries, physical and psychological.
However, you may be able to claim special expenses as well. This might include:
- Loss of earnings
- Cost of care
- Home adaptations such as ramps and stairlifts
- Physical aids such as wheelchairs or walking sticks
However, the CICA scheme will only pay special expenses if you cannot access these things elsewhere for free, e.g. if you could get counselling through the NHS. In order to claim special expenses, you need to show that you were unable to work for 28 weeks after the accident. Your special expenses will be backdated to the date of the accident.
Furthermore, for loss of earnings you need to have a total inability to undertake paid work or very limited capacity to work, e.g. not capable of working more than a few hours a week. This needs to have lasted for 28 weeks after the accident, and you won’t be compensated for the first 28 weeks.
Can you claim for more than one criminal injury?
You can claim for multiple physical injuries only if they are each so serious they qualify for compensation individually. You would get the tariff amount for the highest valued injury, 30% of the tariff amount for the second-highest valued injury and 15% of the tariff amount for the lowest valued injury.
The CICA won’t pay compensation for more than 3 injuries. However, you may be able to claim on a separate tariff for things like becoming pregnant or losing a foetus as a result of the attack. For more free legal advice on claiming for multiple injuries, contact our team.
You can follow a few different avenues if you want to claim for a criminal injury, depending on a number of different factors. The first of these is making a claim directly against the person who attacked you.
In order to do this, you’d need to know who the person is who attacked you. They would also need to have the funds to pay you your compensation directly.
The CICA is in place for when you can’t claim against the person responsible. It allows you to still be compensated for the criminal injury you’ve suffered.
It’s important to note that applications to the CICA should be used as a last resort. This is because the compensation you receive in a claim through the CICA will often be less than what you could receive in a claim made against the person who injured you directly.
However, you can claim against the CICA if you do not know who the perpetrator was who injured you. In order for you to do so, they won’t need to have been convicted, arrested or even identified. However, it’s essential that the incident was reported to the police. This should have been done as soon as possible after the incident occurred.
For more information on what evidence could be used in order for you to sue for a criminal injury, please read on. You can also get in touch with an advisor on our team for free legal advice.
In order to make a CICA claim, you’ll need various types of evidence to help support your claim. For example, confirmation from the police that:
- You reported the incident within a reasonable time after it happened
- Your behaviour didn’t contribute to the incident
- You cooperated with them
Additionally, they may ask for the following evidence:
- CCTV footage
- Witness statements
- Pictures of the accident
- Records of the accident in an accident book if it happened in a public place or workplace
If you’re claiming for any lost earnings or special expenses, you’ll need to provide further evidence of these. This might include receipts and invoices for the cost of care, physical aids, and home adaptations for special expenses. You’ll also need to demonstrate that these aren’t available elsewhere for free.
For lost earnings, this might include payslips, a P60 and proof that you were in employment at the time of the incident. In addition to this, you need to show you have an established work history (or a good reason for not working, like being a carer or in full-time education) covering the past three years.
The CICA does require medical evidence that shows you suffered an injury and the details of the injury you suffered. This is so they can determine how much compensation to pay you and that your injuries are consistent with the incident in question.
For this reason, a medical assessment will usually be arranged as part of your claim. Here, an independent expert will assess your injuries and compile a report about how the incident has affected you. This report will be used to value your claim.
It’s also a good idea to seek medical attention after you’re injured in a violent crime. This is important because you might not realise that you’ve been injured; for instance, you could be suffering a head injury that you’re not immediately aware of. Furthermore, these medical records could support your claim if you decide to sue for a criminal injury.
Some websites choose to include a criminal injury compensation calculator to illustrate the potential value of your claim. However, we have chosen to include a compensation table to provide an idea of what you could be awarded if you were physically or mentally injured as the result of a violent crime.
We have taken figures from the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme 2012, which includes a tariff of injuries. It outlines a figure of compensation for specific injuries of varying severities.
The table doesn’t include figures for special expenses as these will vary on a case to case basis.
|Burns||Burns to various areas of body covering over 25% of total skin||£33,000|
|Mental injury||That lasts for 6 weeks or more up to 28 weeks||£1,000|
|Mental injury||That lasts for 28 weeks or more up to 2 years||£2,400|
|Mental injury||That lasts for 2 years or more up to 5 years||£6,200|
|Mental injury||That lasts 5 years or more but not permanently||£13,500|
|Scarring||Where the head is significantly disfigured||£1,500|
|Scarring||Where the face is significantly disfigured||£2,400|
|Scarring||Where the neck is significantly disfigured||£1,500|
|Face||Where your jaw has dislocated, leading to significant disability.||£3,500|
For more information on what your claim could be worth, contact our team. An advisor will be happy to provide further details.
The CICA will decide how much compensation they’ll award you by sending an offer for you to either accept or dispute. If you are happy with the offer and want to accept it, you need to complete and return the acceptance form within 56 days of receiving it. If you fail to do this, no award will be made.
However, if you’re not willing to accept the offer, you can put a request in writing for the CICA to review their decision. You have 56 days from the date of the original decision to do so and need to include evidence supporting your claim for a higher award.
If you request a review, it’s important to note that the decision can change the compensation amount for the better, but you could also be offered a lower amount or be paid nothing at all. Alternatively, it could remain the same.
While not a legal requirement, it may be helpful to have a solicitor representing you so they can advise you on anything you’re unsure of.
For more information on using a solicitor to sue for a criminal injury, see below. You can also get in touch with an advisor on our team for free, no-obligation legal advice.
Although you don’t need a solicitor to make any kind of claim you may find that their guidance and support could be useful when claiming through the CICA. The application to make a claim can be complex, and there are several requirements to meet.
Having a personal injury solicitor could help make the claims process easier. They can use their previous experience handling criminal injury cases to help make the claims process go more smoothly.
A solicitor can also ensure you have the correct evidence to support your claim and advise on accepting an offer of compensation. They’ll also be able to tell you what to do if you want to dispute the offer.
Additionally, a solicitor can ensure you get the maximum compensation payout relevant to your injuries.
We understand you may be apprehensive about having a solicitor work on your claim because of how much this can cost. However, our advisors can connect you with a solicitor to represent you on a No Win No Fee basis.
This means that if your solicitor doesn’t win, you won’t pay their fees. You also won’t be expected to make any upfront payments or to pay them as the claim progresses.
If they do win, you’ll pay a success fee. However, this is legally capped and will be agreed upon with your solicitor from the start.
For more information on how a No Win No Fee solicitor could help you claim, why not get in touch with our team today? If your claim has a good chance of success, you could be connected with a lawyer from our panel to work on this basis.
Our team of advisors are available to help by providing you with free legal advice on making a criminal injury claim. They can provide further clarification on some topics we’ve covered in our guide so far. For example:
- Understanding how compensation for criminal injuries is calculated
- How a solicitor can help you with your claim and application to the CICA
- Claiming with a solicitor on a No Win No Fee basis
Additionally, if you’re still unsure whether the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme 2012 covers your circumstances, our advisors can clarify. To do so, they might need information on the type of injuries you have, as well as some of the circumstances of the incident that caused them.
For more information, please get in touch on the contact details below.
If you’re still a little apprehensive about making a criminal injury claim, our advisors can help by answering any questions you may have. Alternatively, they can connect you with a personal injury solicitor who can help you with the next steps of the claims process.
No matter who caused your criminal injury, you could be compensated for the pain and suffering they’ve caused you. So get in touch and make a start on your claim today.
Contact us on the following:
- Telephone number – 0800 408 7827
- Live chat at the bottom of the page
- Send us an enquiry, and we’ll get back to you
What are the time limits for criminal injury claims?
You need to report the accident to the police as soon as it’s reasonably possible to do so. Generally, you have two years from the date of the accident. However, there are exceptions.
Could I claim past the time limit?
Some exceptions can be made to the 2-year time limit for criminal injury claims. However, you’ll have to provide evidence that exceptional circumstances stopped you from being able to claim within the time limit.
Can I claim if no one was caught or convicted?
If you’re unable to identify the attacker, then you can go through the CICA. They’re able to handle claims for criminal injuries where no perpetrator has been identified.
Can I claim if I witnessed a violent crime?
If you witnessed someone committing a violent crime but no one physically injured you, you could still claim. For example, you could claim mental injury if you witnessed a loved one be injured as a result of a crime of violence.
You can find more information on the Crown Prosecution Service on their website.
If you require further details on the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority, see the government website.
Use 111 online for information on where to get help for your symptoms.
We have created a guide on medical negligence claims and the process which might have the information you need.
Have you been in a slip, trip or fall accident? If so, our guide could help.
Did your employer cause you to suffer an injury? See our guide for more information on suing your employer.
Thank you for reading our guide on how to sue for a criminal injury. We hope you found it useful.
Article by MEG
Published by FER